Large, showy indoor plants are a delight in the home. Growing dracaena fragrans gives the feeling of being in a corn field. The striped yellow and green leaves bring a lot of softness to any corner of a room.
The image above is a lithography from 1880 showing the plant in all its glory.
It is not too hard to figure out why Dracaena Fragrans is called The Corn Plant. The whole plant makes me think of corn growing in my garden, especially when it is grown on one stalk.
Many dracaena plants are known for their variegated foliage. Another great house plant is dracaena surculosa, also known as gold dust dracaena.
Growing Dracaena Fragrans
More interest comes from the plant when the growing tip is chopped off and it sprouts into many stems.
The leaves are long and glossy with yellow and white stripes on them. The plant is great indoors, since it is fine with filtered light conditions.
Try to locate the plant somewhere near a window. Too low light will result in the plant losing its stripes and become more of a plain green plant.
Dracaena fragrans is fairly easy to grow indoors. They make good houseplants because they are tall and narrow, so they fit will into most indoor settings.
And they also have growth that can be controlled fairly easy. If you don’t have a green thumb, this plant is also easy to grow, since it can withstand a fairly significant amount of abuse from casual indoor gardeners.
Tips for Growing Corn Plants
Sunlight and Soil Conditions:
Corn plants like bright filtered light. They can get by on less, but will get very leggy if not given enough light.
Plant in well draining, all purpose potting soil.
Watering and fertilizer needs:
Depending on the location of the plant, I find that dracaena fragrans needs to be watered about once or twice a week. Avoid over-watering as this can lead to root rot.
Fertilize once a month when the plant is growing actively in the spring and summer months. Hold off on fertilizer during the cooler months.
Temperature and humidity
Corn plants do best when they get temperatures of 60 to 90 degrees F. They do like a reasonable amount of humidity. 40% is idea.
A humidifier or misting the plant will help with the humidity. In the summer months, it is beneficial to bring the plant out doors to a relatively shady location that is sheltered.
Propagating corn plants:
Dracaena fragrans grows from tip and stem cuttings. A rooting hormone powder will increase chances of success with both types of cuttings.
Clean the leaves of indoor plants regularly from dust that accumulates. A cloth and warm water is fine to do this job. The leaves are quite wide and easy to clean.
Growth of the plant is slow, but the eventual size indoors is about 6 feet tall.
If the plant starts to get tall and spindly, chop off the top. This will result in the plant sprouting more growing tips as shown below. I actually prefer this look to a straight stem. This also keeps the plant to a manageable size.
The plant will even develop what are called “aerial roots.” If you take off a section like this and plant it in soil, you will end up with a new houseplant for free.
Corn plants are popular house plants because they can be grown by inexperienced gardeners. Perhaps a friend of yours might like one as a housewarming gift!
Toxicity of corn plant
Dracaena fragrans is listed by the ASPCA as being toxic to dogs, cats and horses. Ingestion an cause vomiting, depression and excess salivation due to the toxins saponins.
Pin these tips for growing dracaena fragrans
Would you like a reminder of these growing tips? Just pin this image to one of your gardening boards on Pinterest so that you can easily find it later. You can also print out the instructions for care in the project card below.
- Dracaena Fragrans plant
- Well draining potting soil
- All purpose plant food
- Rooting powder
- Grow the plant in a pot large enough to hold the roots and give them room to get larger.
- Use well draining potting soil.
- Place the window near a sunny window, but don't give too much sunlight or the leaves will scorch.
- Water once or twice a week in the growing season.
- Fertilize once a month.
- Mature height is about 6 feet tall.
- Propagate by tip and stem cuttings. Rooting powder helps.
- Maintain the plant by wiping the leaves with warm water and a soft cloth.
- Mist for extra humidity or use a humidifier.
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