Dieffenbachia is one of those stately looking indoor plants with very large leaves that are variegated. It is fairly easy to grow, and makes a great addition to your collection of indoor plants.
Most people grow Dieffenbachia for their eye catching leaves. The plant gives a tropical look and various varieties can be striped, spotted or have colored veins. Some are solid colors. All are impressive.
Note: Dieffenbachia is one of the poisonous plants. The plant sap contains calcium oxylate, a chemical compound which causes swelling of the tongue and throat. Keep this plant out of reach if you have small children or pets. This is the reason for the common name “Dumb cane.”
The plant is quite easy to grow. Just follow these steps:
- Be sure you have room for it. Dieffenbachia can grow quite tall. They will lose their bottom leaves in time. This gives them a palm tree like shape which is quite attractive. They may need staking if they get too tall, or they will get top heavy.
- The plant will grow in a wide range of light conditions, but likes bright, indirect light the best. This makes it an ideal houseplant. You will know if it gets too much light because the leaves will start to yellow.
- If you have it in very low light, it will grow but only very slowly.
- Water when the soil is starting to get dry. Just stick your finger in to the first knuckle. If the leaves droop, or start to brown on the edges, this is a sign that it needs more water.
- Fertilize with a houseplant fertilizer in spring and early summer. Do not fertilize in the winter.
- The plant loves humidity. Putting it in a bathroom will give you bath a great look and give it the humidity it likes. If you can’t do this, mist the leaves from time to time.
- The plant will grow easily from cuttings in a glass of water. Plant in potting soil when the roots have started to grow.
- Keep the temperature above 50 degrees. Ideal is 65 to 75 degrees. A spot outside in the shade during the summer will be fine as long as it does not get too hot where you live.
- The plant will grow from stem cuttings. When your stem has dropped a lot of leaves, cut a piece of the stem off, and slice int 2″ pieces. Dry them for a day or so and then stick into a rooting medium such as perlite, sand or vermiculite. The cuttings will establish roots and then grow into new plants.
- The common name for Dieffenbachia is dumbcane. This comes from the fact that all of the plant’s parts contain raphides (crystalline, needle like structures which cause stinging and burning of the mouth and throat.) Handle the plant with care when making cuttings and keep small children and pets away from the plant. Check out this article for more information on Dieffenbachia poisoning.
Dumb cane can grow to quite a large sized plant, as this specimen at the Missouri Botanic garden shows. It makes a great focal plant, especially since it can be grown in corners of a room.