Growing Sago Palms – How to Grow a Sago Palm Tree

If you like growing indoor plants that have an exotic look, why not try growing Sago Palms?. This plant makes a great choice for those new to houseplants since it prefers drying out before you water it again.Growing sago palms is great for beginning indoor plant gardeners. #sagopalms

A sago palm tree – Cycas revoluta – is easy to grow indoors as long as you keep a few care tips in mind.

Information About Sago Palm Trees

In the US, unless you live in the warmer zones (8b and higher) the sago palm is grown as an indoor plant.

The common name of this plant seems to indicate that it is a palm, but sago is actually a cycad – Cycas revoluta is the botanical name.  Cycads date back to the Mesazoic era and used to be found pretty much world wide.

Today, the native homes of sago palms are limited more to tropical and subtropical areas. This makes them ideal house plants but more challenging to grow outdoors unless you live in the temperate zones.

Tips for growing Sago Palm indoor plants

Light requirements

While a sago palm will tolerate lower light conditions, it does best with bright light indoors. An average temperature of 65-75 degrees F. works best since these plants are tropical in nature.

Don’t place your palm tree too close to the glass of the windows and protect it from windows that get a lot of sunlight. Rotating the plant every few weeks help to keep the plant growing straight and not reaching for the light.Sago palm tree

Sine the fronds have a drooping growth habit, be sure to place a sago where it won’t be crowded by nearby plants. It makes a great table plant if the light is bright enough.

Watering a sago palm

Be sure not to over water a sago palm.  This can encourage the whole root to rot and you’ll end up with a dead plant.  This actually makes it great for beginners who often forget to water, since the plant likes to dry out a bit between each watering.

I like to think of the sago palm as needing the same watering requirements as cacti or succulents. I let it dry out a little between watering and mine does just fine.

Crown and Leavesthe leaves of a sago palm are very sharp

A sago palm has thick and sharp fern like fronds.  They need to have any yellowing or dead fronds trimmed regularly. The plant also has somewhat of a bulbous base which adds to its appeal indoors.

Prune away any stalks close to the trunk of the plant with a set of clean and sharp pruning shears. If you leave the dead fronds, the plant will send its energy there instead of directing it to the new growth that is more healthy.

If you grow sago palm outdoors, be aware the the tips of the fronds are razor sharp and watch for animals and children around the tree. It is a good idea to wear safety gloves and protective eye wear when pruning the tree.base of sago plant

Fertilizing Needs

Sago palms like a soil that drains well and is slightly acidic (5.5-6.5)  Apply a slow release cycad fertilizer that is meant for ferns, palms and cycads. Fertilize regularly during the spring and summer and don’t fertilize in the late fall and winter months.

Check the root ball of your sago palm in the spring when new growth starts to see if the plant is root bound.  If it is, choose a container about 2 inches larger than your current one and add new soil to the container.repotted sago palm

Indoor sago palms will benefit from a summer outside in a filtered sunlight location.


Sagos are cycads, not actual palm trees, and are either male or female plants.  Male plants have a large cone like structure for a flower and female plants have a rounded and fuzzy mass as its flower head.

If you don’t have a male plant nearby, pollination of the plant will not happen. In order to get the large walnut sized orange seeds, the female flower must be pollinated by the male.

Sago make and female flowers

photo credit female flower: Wikimedia Commons

I was lucky enough to see a Sago palm that had been pollinated in Huntington Gardens in Los Angeles recently. The sago palm seeds were huge (almost 2 inches long!)Sago palm with seeds

Flowering takes place in late spring.  It’s unlikely to see a sago palm flowering indoors.  It can take up to 15 years for a flower to develop, and even then it will only bloom about once every 3 years.

Normally, only plants grown outside will produce flowers.

Toxicity and other sago palm problems

All parts of the sago palm tree is toxic to human and pets if they are eaten. If you have cats and dogs or small children, care should be taken to keep the plants away from their reach. The seeds are especially toxic.

Sago palms are prone to scale infestations. Be sure to treat this aggressively if noted.  Signs of scale problems are yellowing of the new growth. (older growth naturally yellows.) Yellowing growth can also indicate over watering.

How to Grow a Sago Palm Tree Outdoors

If your idea tends more to growing sago palms outdoors, then there are a few care tips to be aware of. Consider it a tree, not an outdoor plant or shrub, since it will get larger and larger as the years progress.How to grow sago palms outdoors

Cold Hardiness Zones

Outdoors, growing sago palms works if you live in zones 9 to 11.  It can tolerate fairly low temperatures as long as there are no prolonged freezes.

Spacing of Sago Palms

Sago palm height outdoors can grow to 10 feet, so think carefully about the eventual size when you plant them.  It takes about 8 years for the plant to reach a mature size and even longer to become fully mature.

Don’t plant the tree too close to the house so that the large fronds have room to spread out and grow to their limit.Sago palms grow to 10 feet outdoors

Sunlight needs for Sagos outdoors

Choose a spot for your sago palm tree that gets good morning sun but filtered afternoon sun since the fronds are likely to burn if they get too much intense sunlight.

Be sure the soil drains well

Choose well draining soil and add organic matter or compost regularly to the soil. Water well when the plant first starts growing outdoors, but once established sago palms only require limited watering during the driest spells.

Fertilizing Sagos outdoors

A slow release fertilizer once a year, in the spring, is all that is needed to keep your sago palm tree growing well if you use commercial fertilizers.

Adding compost or other organic matter is also a great idea for sago palms grow outside if you like to use more natural methods of fertilizing.

Sago Palm Trimming

Pruning yellowing leaves is very important outdoors.  If you are a person who likes to plant and forget, a sago palm might not be a good choice, since it can end up a tangled mess easily if not pruned regularly.

This means that the pups which grow at the base of the plant should be removed as well as the dead and dying fronds.

Sago palms will produce male and female flowers outdoors which can result in the plant propagating and producing seeds. These grow from the center of the plant.Center of a sago palm

The most common method of propagation is to remove and plant the side pups that the plant will produce.

A light layer of mulch before winter approaches will help to ensure that the plant over winters well.

Questions about growing Sago Palms

Are Sago Palms slow growing?

Sago palms grow very slowly.  Indoors, a two year old plant will just fit into a 5 inch pot.  Since the roots are pot bound, this will keep the growth rate very slow.Mature palm tree

Outdoors, it can take 50 years or so for a mature plant to reach a 10 to 12 feet tall height.  If a quick growing palm is your aim, you should look for another species.

What is the best soil for sago palms?

Sagos like rich, well draining soil.  Clay and sandy soils will not produce a good specimen, so adding lots of compost at the foot of the tree once or twice a year will help to enrich it and also to help it drain well.

Indoors, the ideal soil mixture for sago palms is  regular potting soil that has been mixer with sand, peat moss or pumice to make it gritty.

Is the Sago Palm poisonous?

Many indoor and outdoor plants are poisonous, and Sago palm is no exception.  All parts of a sago palm, especially the seeds, are extremely poisonous if they are eaten by humans or animals.

The toxin in parts of the plant can irritate the gastrointestinal system, and if a large amount is eaten, it can cause liver failure.

Even though sago palms are a favorite food of islanders in Indonesia, consider it very toxic to us. Dogs and other pets can get very sick if they chew on the bark and other parts of the plants and should definitely be kept away from any seeds which might form.

Where can Sago Palms be grown outdoors?

To grow a sago palm outside, you need to live in zones 9 or 10. Sago palms can withstand a very brief period of colder temperatures (below 20 to 25 degrees, but they will not survive long periods at these temperatures.

You will find Sagos growing in the warmest areas of the USA (Southern Florida and California and other areas along the Southern border of the US.

Sago Palm Yellow Leaves, is this a problem?

Most sago palms will develop yellow leaves at some point. This is a normal reaction of the tree as the plant uses nutrients.  Older leaves will turn yellow and then brown and this is not a reason to worry.

On the other hand, if your sago palm tree has new fronds that are turning yellow, this could be a signal that there is a nutrient deficiency and fertilizing might help.

How much do Sago Palms cost?

Sago palm prices depend on the size of the plant. Purchasing a small indoor sago palm is easily affordable.  I bought mine for about $15 at Lowe’s and it was a decent size.

However, if you wish to purchase a large outdoor specimen, you will likely pay a lot for it (many hundreds of dollars). The plants are very slow growing and the grower has to recoup their expenses caring for it as it matures.

To be reminded of this post, pin this image to one of your gardening boards on Pinterest so that you can easily find it later.Sago palms are cycads which can grow outdoors in warm climates and indoors as houseplants in colder zones.

Whether you decide to try growing sago palms indoors or outside, remember to provide steady temperatures, light watering and protection from the hottest sunlight.  If you follow these tips, you can look forward to an exotic looking plant that will give you years of pleasure.

Admin note:  This article was first published in November of 2017. I have updated the post to include additional photos and more information about growing sago palms.


Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are "affiliate links." This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive a small commission from the sale, but the price is the same for you. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission's 16 CFR, Part 255: "Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising."

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  23 comments for “Growing Sago Palms – How to Grow a Sago Palm Tree

  1. Gary Beach
    06/10/2018 at 9:47 pm

    Hello Carol, thank for the great article. Recently I dug up quite a few sego pups from a friends sego palms (with his premission of course). Some are quite large some bulbs are 10 to 12 inches in length. I have read where it is very difficult to grow pups this large. Have you had any experience with these and can you give me any advise to get these going because I have about 40 waiting to be planted. Thanks again for any information you can give.

    • Carol
      06/10/2018 at 10:16 pm

      Hi Gary. I have not tried growing larger pups. I do know that the size of the pot is important for success. Pot the pup in a container that is just slightly larger. (ie..a 2″ pup should go in a 4″ container, a 3″ pup in a 6″ container.) This will keep the roots contained and will not allow the soil to become too wet from watering.

      Best of luck with them and let me how you go with potting them up and growing them! Carol

  2. don
    07/25/2018 at 5:11 pm

    how do you polluate a sago palm

    • Carol
      07/25/2018 at 5:27 pm

      Hi Don, Sago palms will produce pups which can be removed and potted up. The plants grown outdoors will also produce flowers from which you can collect seed, but this takes a long time. Carol

      • Richard
        06/15/2020 at 12:49 pm

        My Sago only has two branches every season why?

        • Carol Speake
          06/16/2020 at 3:30 pm

          There could be many reasons why it is slow growing. It could be pot bound or not getting enough light, water or fertilizer.

  3. John Starace
    11/22/2018 at 12:23 pm

    I have a 25 year old Sago and was wondering if I could plant it on the sand dune down the New Jersey Shore……would it survive if I covered it in the winter with blankets and plastic ?

    • Carol
      12/02/2018 at 11:20 am

      Hi John I have not tried what you are suggesting so I can’t say whether it would work or not. Sagos are only hardy outdoors in warm climates though, so I think the cold would kill it even if protected. Carol

  4. Liz
    04/20/2019 at 9:35 am

    I purchased 2 rather large sago palms last summer. They were brought to me and planted with no foliage. When should I expect them to start producing fronds?

    I’m in central Georgia (about zone 10).

    • Carol
      04/20/2019 at 9:58 pm

      What was the plant like when you planted it? Did it have healthy roots?

  5. Peter McGee
    07/24/2019 at 2:08 pm


    I purchased two sago’s in AZ April 2018 and brought them home of Kansas. In June both grew new branches much to my surprise. Fast forward to July 2019, there are no new branches growing on either. They do winter inside and I bring out with all other plants in May. Question is how often do branches grow?

    • Carol
      07/24/2019 at 3:05 pm

      Hi Peter. There is no real answer to this since it depends on the growing conditions, pot size, location etc. However, if they have stopped growing it is possible that they are pot bound and need to be repotted into larger pots. Take the plant out of the pot and look at the soil. If it is a mass of roots, plant with new soil in a pot 1/3 larger and you should seen new growth.

  6. Cathy Gunderman
    09/16/2019 at 5:37 pm

    I like every thing in your article ,the only thing I could not find out is the different bugs that might effect tthe plant. I have planted outside a Sago palm that is about 24in highthe leaves are 20 “long. They have alittle white powdery on then and ijust noticed some of the leaves are yellowing.I am south of fort worth and new in texas.2yr I love working outside and i try to learn what I can about what Iam growing.i am a little up in age so it takes me awhile to remember.
    Cathy Gunderman

    • Carol
      09/16/2019 at 9:48 pm

      Hi Cathy. It sounds as though you may have either spider mites or mealy bugs on your plant. Apply a strong spray of water and/or insecticidal soap to wash these pests away and kill them.

  7. Michael
    05/05/2020 at 6:24 pm

    I live in Hawaii and have several sago palms (cycads), one of which is a female and is currently flowering. In order for the red seeds to appear, does a male cycad need to be nearby? I would like to try growing a cycad from one of the seeds it will produce, if seeds are produced.



    • Carol Speake
      05/06/2020 at 2:55 pm

      In order for the female sago plant to produce viable seed, it must be pollinated by a male sago palm. This can be done by hand pollination if you have both plants or by wind and other insects if a male plant is nearby.

  8. Syl
    05/26/2020 at 9:52 pm

    I liked your article I have several Segos which produce multiple of pups, instead of throwing them out, how is the best way to plant, how big does the bulb need to be and how far deep can i put them in the soil.

    • Carol Speake
      05/27/2020 at 6:11 pm

      As long as you can get a bit of the root attached, the size is not too important. They will just get larger as they grow if attached. I normally plant at least 1/3 into the soil. Twice as deep as the root system is recommended. In any case, don’t plant any deeper than it was on the mother plant.

  9. 05/31/2020 at 5:01 pm

    Hi! Thanks for this great info. I am altogether new to owning plants – bought 3 sagos, and immediately made a bunch of mistakes. The needles are starting to yellow/drop or crumple…just starting.

    Perhaps it’s because I confused mulch for soil, planted the root ball perhaps too inadequately (maybe too much air exposure) and irrigated it too much?

    Anyhow, replanted in cactus mix. That should help. I also see lots of 5 cm black beetles crawling around the cone.

    If you were me a) would you wait a week to water for the first time since it was likely too wet before or water once now and then let it sit? b) any idea what these beetles might be?

    Anything else I should try?

    • Carol Speake
      06/01/2020 at 12:19 pm

      Hi Evan. I’m afraid I can’t be much help with your problems. It is impossible for me to diagnose plant problems specifically without actually seeing a plant, since there could be many reasons for disease in plants. Also true of the bugs.

  10. Edward Haywood
    09/05/2020 at 6:03 pm

    My sago produced three new fronds—however the fronds are at the ends of a long stem and it makes the sago look rather ridiculous. I am thinking of just cutting them off. Otherwise it seems quite healthy. What would cause this. It gets great light and is not rootbound.

    • Carol Speake
      09/06/2020 at 10:45 am

      Sago fronds always grow from the top and become larger as they mature.

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