Skip to Content

Planting in Compost – A Gardening Experiment (Updated)

Butternut pumpkin is one of my favorite types of squash. It is resistant to squash bugs and tastes wonderful when roasted. Instead of planting the crop in soil enriched with compost, I experimented this year by planting in compost to see what would happen. 

This type of planting works best in a rolling compost pile rather than in a boxed compost pile. The reason is that the compost is turned naturally as you move it around the garden, picking up some soil as it moves.

So when you decide to plant in it, the pile will be a rich mixture but not so rich that it will burn the plants.

I’ve dabbled at composting in the past by using trench composting, and on the spot composting with lunch bags method, but this year I decided to try my hand at a real compost pile.

Compost piles are mounds of nutrient rich organic matter. Generally soil is mixed with compost to enrich it.For really large vegetables that don't need fertilizing, try planting in compost piles. I experimented with this last year with great results.

Making Rolling Compost Piles

A common vegetable gardening mistake is to forget to amend soil with compost. With this type of compost pile, there is no excuse to forget. 

I went out to breakfast in early July and when walking back to my car, I noticed a house with about 18 bags of leaves set out.  My industrious husband “made friends” with the owner and she was delighted to give them to us.

We ran over them with a lawnmower and they became the base of several piles of compost to which we added materials as the summer progressed.

Lawn and garden clippings and a pail of household vegetable scraps and odds and ends, coffee grounds, peanut shells, dog hair and whatever other organic thing I could lay my hands on got gradually added to the compost pile.

Rolling compost pile

I just kept moving the piles from one spot and turning the compost piles over to another every couple of days.

The changed that happened with the compost as the days progressed was amazing and had me really hooked on this type of composting.

Butternut Pumpkin –  Planting in Compost

By the end of July, I had several piles of compost that had broken down to about 1/3 of the original amount and looked like the sort of stuff one finds in a forest floor – nice rich, dark humus.

It smelled wonderful too – so earthy.  I could not believe the pile had matured so quickly.Rolling compost pile

By this time, my vegetable garden was partly planted with tomatoes, green peppers, corn, beans and carrots. Now it was time to use my finished piles of compost as a planting medium. 

I added some top soil, stirred it all around and planted butternut pumpkin seeds right in the compost.  In just a few weeks, I had a plant that looked like this. 

Planting butternut pumpkin seeds in compost

And lo and behold in just a few more weeks, I had some butternut pumpkins starting to grow.

Butterfnut pumpkin grown in compost
The pile is really starting to produce well. This morning when I went out and looked, I had two more babies.

My experience with planting in compost showed me just how quickly things happen.  It is really surprising!
Butternut pumpkin babiesI guess it’s safe to say that compost pile planting works for me.

Note on types of compost piles to use

Since I have only tried this type of gardening in a rolling compost pile, I don’t know planting in normal compost piles works.

I did find one article that talks about growing plants in compost bins which is interesting, though.

Share this post about growing in compost on Twitter

If you enjoyed this post about growing vegetables in a compost pile, be sure to share it with a friend. Here is a tweet to get you started:

Compost piles are a great way to recycle garden waste. If you use a rolling compost pile, you can even grow vegetables in one. Head to The Gardening Cook to find out how. Click To Tweet

What else grows in a compost pile?

As the summer progressed, I planted cucumbers and summer squash, as well as watermelons into three more compost piles.  All seem to be doing well. This watermelon patch is really growing quickly.

Watermelon patch grown in compost

What about you readers?  Have you ever tried planting directly in a compost pile?  I’d love to hear your experiences in the comment section below.

UPDATE:  At the end of the growing season, I just left the compost pile in place. I didn’t plant anything in it…just added more and more kitchen scraps and yard waste to use as for normal compost.

One day last summer,  I went outside and found HUGE butternut pumpkins were growing. They were at least a foot long and 8 inches across.  I assume they grew from the seeds in the kitchen scraps.

What a bonus! Obviously, pumpkin seeds love compost!Big butternut pumpkin grown in compost pile

Benefits off Planting in Compost

With this experiment finished, I thought about the benefits of planting in compost.

  • The fruit is prolific and large when grown
  • There is no need to fertilize
  • Compost holds water well, so you don’t need to water as often or as much
  • The harvest tastes great!

What should go in a compost pile?

Admin note: This post was first published in October of 2012.  I have updated it with more information and new photos for a more complete article.

A good compost piles needs greens and browns, but what does that mean?  See these articles for more ideas on what to add and what NOT to add to your compost pile.

Share on Social Media


Thursday 21st of May 2020

I had discovered this method by accident. I planted a few yellow zucchini squash in vertical planter in Colorado. But the dry climate and hot sun burned the seedlings. So I emptied it all into a raised garden bed I was preparing ( had compost on the bottom from over-winter time, some flipped upside down sod) and few weeks later I got over 2 dozen new seedlings. I guess the compost help retain moisture. And with sprinkler system positioned to water it every morning and evening, the pile stays moist. I presume any moisture loving plant will thrive. Will try other plants next year.

Carol Speake

Friday 22nd of May 2020

I also had the accidental discovery one year. I came back from my compost pile with the most enormous butternut pumpkin I had ever seen. It loved all the nutrients it seems.


Tuesday 15th of October 2019

I throw all sorts of stuff into my worm bin. And you would be surprised at what actually grows out of it. Nothing fancy. I have a plastic "tote" box. The kind that Walgreens & 7Eleven deliveries are made in. I stole mine from the back of a local drug store. Drill a few holes in the bottom for drainage. Then I just add kitchen scraps as I go. All the things they tell you not to add to compost. Garlic. Onion. Citrus. Meat. Bread. Tortilla. Basically, I throw everything in there without regard for the rules of composting. Different bugs get in. There are worms in there. Seeds will germinate and sprout. Melon and squash vines root well. Tomato. Peppers. Mustard plants from mustard seed. I keep adding food scraps right on top. The insects and worms keep processing everything. Whatever grows out of it is a pleasant surprise which does yield edible food.


Tuesday 13th of August 2013

I've done it by accident a few times, does that count? I would have thought the pile would get too hot for tomato and squash seeds to survive, but there have been several years that I had the best tomatoes just from those germinating in the pile - they love it!


Tuesday 13th of August 2013

Hi Jacki, this pile had cooked a bit and I had moved it once. (I use a rolling compost pile method.) So, it had sort of broken down. Sure was good for the squash though!


Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are "affiliate links." This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive a small commission from the sale, but the price is the same for you. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission's 16 CFR, Part 255: "Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising."