Would you like tips for attracting monarch butterflies to your yard this year? I’ve been seeing them in my garden for a few weeks now.
The first Saturday in May is marked National Start Seeing Monarchs Day. What an appropriate national day for this time of the year!
This day was chosen to raise people’s awareness of the butterfly so that it does not end up on the endangered species list.
The monarch butterfly’s breeding season starts in spring. Many plants that flower — especially native plants — are wonderful sources of nectar for monarch butterflies.
Even though monarchs love all flowers, but milkweed leaves are the only food that monarch caterpillars actually eat.
Facts about the Monarch Butterfly
This beautiful yellow and black butterfly is a milkweed butterfly.
The butterflies range somewhere around 3-4 inches in size.
Monarch butterflies migrate to warmer climates in the fall and return again in the spring. They can travel up to 250 miles in one day.
The population of monarch butterflies is on a sharp decline in the last 20 years. Some sites say that it could be as much as 90%!
Milkweed is necessary for the survival of the monarch butterfly. Milkweed is a perennial flowering plant that is crucial to the butterflies’ survival.
It provides nectar and is the only plant where a monarch will lay their eggs.
Adult Monarchs like many nectar plants, but their caterpillars will only eat milkweed.
Monarch caterpillars have a big appetite. They can consume and entire milkweed leaf in less than five minutes.
Eggs laid by monarchs become baby caterpillars in about four days. They spend the next few weeks eating and growing until they attach to branches and form into a chrysalis.
About 10 days later a butterfly emerges and takes off looking for more milkweed spots to feed.
Tips for Attracting Monarch Butterflies to your yard
Monarch butterflies have lots of yards to choose from, so presenting them with some of their favorite things are key to attracting them to your outdoor space.
Here are some things that you can do to attract these fluttery friends.
Use Nectar Plants that are attractive to Adult Monarch Butterflies
While monarch caterpillars need milkweed to survive, adult Monarchs are attracted to several nectar plants: Plant some of these in your yard to attract them.
The list of plants is long, but here are a few flowering plants that monarchs seem to really love.
- Siberian Wallflower
- Buddleia (butterfly bush)
- And of course Milkweed!
Monarch Butterfly Way Stations
Way stations are areas of your yard that are intentionally designed to provide both food and a habitat for the Monarch butterfly population,
Most experts thinks that having at least two types of milkweed is a key factor, since this is the host plant for monarchs.
A Monarch butterfly way station should be at least 100 feet, but you can help even if you do it in a smaller way.
Your focal plants for attracting monarchs, should receive full sun from mid-morning to mid-afternoon.
There are lots of things that you can do in an existing garden to turn part of it into a monarch way station.
If you have a herb or vegetable garden add some of the above plants nearby. Got an ugly fence line that needs covering? Plant milkweed seeds right along the line. It will cover the fence and attract butterflies at the same time.
Along the side of a garden shed is also a good place for a way station.
Be sure to have a Water source for monarch butterflies
In addition to nectar, Monarch butterflies also need other forms of moisture. A large area of water is risky for them, but a birdbath, if it is not too deep is a great place to allow them some extra water.
Adding some rocks in the birdbath will let them land safely.
Does Color Matter to Monarchs?
Not only is the plant type important for attracting monarch butterflies, the color is, as well. Adult monarchs are attracted to flowers with orange, red, yellow, pink and purple blossoms.
They also like blooms that have a flat top or are clustered with short flower tubes to protect the pollen.
Plant type and color is important – Adult butterflies are attracted to red, yellow, orange, pink and purple blossoms that are flat-topped or clustered and have short flower tubes.
When do you start seeing Monarch butterflies?
Monarch butterflies are so popular with homeowners, that there is even a National Day devoted to seeing them. The first Saturday in May is set aside each year ad National Start Seeing Monarchs Day.
How to observe National Start Seeing Monarchs Day.
There are lots of things that you can do to observe this day. Planting a variety of milkweed plants in your yard is one good way, since Monarchs love these plants and seek them out.
Keep pesticides away from these plants so that they will be a safe haven for the butterflies.
And while you are at it, think about using less pesticides in general.
There are loads of alternatives that are more organic and natural to keep pests and weeds out of a garden without resorting to something that damages our environment in such a big way.
Share the word about National Monarch Day on social media brings awareness to the butterfly. Here is a tweet to get you started:
Share this post about attracting monarch butterflies on TwitterHow to slow down the Monarch Butterfly Decline 🦋🌞🌻🌸 #startseeingmonarchsday is the first Saturday in May#♥monarchs Click To Tweet
Would you like a reminder of this post for attracting Monarch butterflies?
Just pin this image to one of your nature boards on Pinterest so that you can easily find it later.
Admin note: This post for National Start Seeing Monarch Day first appeared on the blog in May of 2917. I have updated the post to add new photos, more tips for attracting Monarch Butterflies, a project card to print out for your gardening journal, and ideas for how to set up a butterfly way station.
- Milkweed Plants
- Bird Bath or water source
- Nectar plants
- Brightly colored plants
- Area of your yard with sunlight
- Hose or water source
- Garden spade or shovel
- Choose an area of your yard that gets sunlight from mid morning to mid afternoon.
- Try to have a water source nearby. A birdbath or small pond is ideal.
- Place a large rock in the water source for the butterflies to land.
- Choose an area about 100 square feet if you can, but smaller areas will still work.
- Plant at least two types of milkweed, the host plant for butterflies.
- Monarchs like bright colors such as pink, red, yellow, orange and purple flowers.
- Select plants with tubular flowers to protect the nectar.
- These Nectar plants will also attract Monarchs: chives, salvia, zinnia, butterfly bush and cosmos.
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